山东省临沂市2017年中考英语二轮专题复习材料(19份)

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山东省临沂市2017年中考英语二轮专题复习材19份打包
山东省临沂市2017年中考英语二轮专题复习材-中考英语交际用语复.doc
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山东省临沂市2017年中考英语二轮专题复习材-句法专题十五_状语从句.doc
山东省临沂市2017年中考英语二轮专题复习材-语法专题代词.doc
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山东省临沂市2017年中考英语二轮专题复习材-语法专题连词.doc
山东省临沂市2017年中考英语二轮专题复习材-语法专题六_形容副词.doc
山东省临沂市2017年中考英语二轮专题复习材-语法专题七_介词.doc
山东省临沂市2017年中考英语二轮专题复习材-语法专题十一 主谓一.doc
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山东省临沂市2017年中考英语二轮专题复习材-语法专题五_动词.doc
山东省临沂市2017年中考英语二轮专题复习材-语法专题一   名词.doc
山东省临沂市2017年中考英语二轮专题复习材-语法专题语.doc
山东省临沂市2017年中考英语二轮专题复习材-中考英语分类汇总—常见标志和说明.doc
  第二部分:句法
  中考考点十二:倒装句
  1. 当句首为副词here ,there 且主语为名词时,应用完全倒装。
  Here comes the bus !.      There goes the bell. !
  2. only 修饰时间、地点、方式等状语时,应用部分倒装。
  Only in this way can we solve the problem.
  Only when you told me did I know her name.
  注意:如果 only 修饰的不是状语,则句子不倒装。  Only Uncle Li knows how it happened.
  3. 表示对前者的陈述也适用后者时,肯定倒装用“ so + 助动词/情态动词 + 后者”,前句事否定,而后面的人也不怎么样时用“ neither / nor + 助动词 / 情态动词 + sb”。
  He can speak English,so can I.
  If she doesn’t go there tomorrow,neither / nor will I.
  注意
  1)“ so + 助动词 / 情态动词 + 主语” 表示前者的主语和后者的主语的情况一样,所谈到的是两个人,意为“……也是这样”;
  2)“ so + 主语 + 助动词 / 情态动词”表示前者和后者所指同一人时,说话者表示同意前者的观点,意为“的确如此”。
  — Li Lei likes sports.   — So he does and so do I.
  4. 由 not only …… but also …… 引起的并列句,若将 not only 置于句首时,该分句应部分倒装, but also 引导的分句不倒装。
  Not only did he give me some advice,but also he lent me some money.
  练习与巩固:熟能生巧,取得好成绩!
  (    )1.They don’t go to walk every evening, ________ does  he .
  A. So      B. Neither    C. Such
  (    )2.–Lisa has made great progress these days.--________, and ________.
  A.So has she, so have you              B.So has she, so you have
  C.So she has, so you have              D.So she has, so have you
  (    )3.—They have been to Australia.—So _____ I.
  A.do               B.have been        C.did              D.have
  (    )4.--Tom used to be afraid of snakes. -- ________. I thought they were scary.
  A.So did I     B.So do I      C.So was I         D.So I was
  (    )5.—I hear that Huang Gang made an English speech contest last week.
  ---____________and ___________.
  A.So did he,so did you.                B.So he did, so you did.
  C.So did he,so you did.                D.So he did ,so did you.
  (    )6.— I don’t like to tas. It’s very crowded.— ________. And it’s more crowded on weekends.
  A. Neither do I          B. So do I                C. Neither I do
  (    )7.----They go to school early in the morning.---_________________.
  A.So do Tom.      B.So Tom do.      C.So does Tom.    D.So Tom does.
  (    )8.—He is late for the meeting.—     
  A.So I am.             B.So am I.             C.So do I.
  (    )9.—I haven’t seen the interesting movie Let the Bullet(子弹)Fly.— _________ .
  A.Neither have I          B.So have I       C.Neither I have              D.So I have
  (    )10.---I am crazy about chocolate.---_____. That’s probably why I am becoming fatter and fatter.
  A.So I am     B.So am I          C.So do I          D.So I do
  (    )11. —______ a nice day! — ______.
  A. How; So is it.                     B.What; So is it.            C. What; So it is.
  (    )12.If Mary goes,_________________.
  A.so do I          B.so I do          C.so will I        D.I will, either
  (    )13.I didn’t know the answer to the question and _________.
  A. so did he            B. he did either        C. neither did he
  (    )17.— Jim and I will go to the post office this afternoon.—________. ________ go together ?
  A.So I do ; Why don’t                 B.So do I ; What about
  C.So I will; how about                 D.So will I ; Shall we
  (    )18. If you don’t go there tomorrow, ___________.
  A.so do I          B.so am I          C.neither will I   D.neither do I
  (    )19. Only by practising a few hours every day ____ be able to master the language.
  A. you can     B. can you     C. you will     D. will you
  (    )20.— Jim and I will go to the post office this afternoon.—________. ________ go together ?
  A.So I do ; Why don’t                 B.So do I ; What about
  中考考点十六:宾语从句
  中考资讯导航:宾语从句主要考查语序、时态及连接词。
  宾语从句的考查
  宾语从句在句中作及物动词的宾语,或介词的宾语,或形容词的宾语。根据引导宾语从句的不同连词,宾语从句可分为三类。
  1.考查宾语从句的语序:
  宾语从句的语序用陈述句语序。即 “主语+谓语+……
  Do you know when __________?
  A.does the next train leave   B.the next train leaves  C.will the next train leave    D.the next train will leave
  注:若从句时疑问句,但语序不变的有:
  1).who在从句中作主语。
  Can you tell me _________?(谁将来这儿)
  2).what’s wrong / the matter ?
  He asked what was the matter with me .
  3).what happened
  I don’t know what happened yesterday .
  4).which is the way to ….?
  Can you tell me which is the way to the park ?
  2.考查宾语从句的引导词
  1).若宾语从句时陈述句时,引导词用that 且that 可省掉。
  She said “I’m gald to see you”   =   She said _____ _____ ______ gald to see me .
  2).宾语从句时一般疑问句时,引导词用if 或whether . 一般情况下if /whether 可互换,但后有or not / or 、动词不定式或介词的后面时,只能用whether .
  He saked me “Are you going to Wuhan ?” =  He asked me ______ _____ _____ going to Wuhan.
  I’m thinking about ______ to go there .
  A.if  B.whether  C.that 
  3).宾语从句时特殊疑问句时,引导词用特殊疑问词。
  Do you know ________? I’m not sure ,Maybe he is a businessman .
  A.who he is  B.who is he   C.what he does  D.what does he do
  4).若宾语从句时肯定祈使句时,就改为ask /tell sb to do sth .若为否定祈使句,就改为ask /tell sb not to sth .
  “Don’t open the door” The teacher said .   =  The teacher told me _____ ____ ___ the door .
  3.宾语从句的时态
  1. 如果主句的时态是一般现在时,宾语从句该用什麽时态就用什麽时态。
  Can you tell me _________?  He is a doctor .
  A.what is he   B.what he was   C.what he is  D.what was he 
  2. 如果主句的时态是一般过去时,宾语从句只能用相应的过去时态(一般过去时, 过去进行时, 过去将来时,过去完成时)。
  He asked ____________.
  A.what time it is  B.what time is it     C.what time it was  D.what time was it
  He told me that he ______ for the sports meet.
  A.is preparing      B.was preparing     C.will prepare      D.has prepared
  注:1) 如果宾语从句所陈述的是客观真理,其时态常用一般现在时。
  Our teacher said that January_____(be) the first month of the year.
  Our teacher said that the earth ___(go) around the sun.
  2).若主句为could you …..?表示请求客气的语气,从句的时态仍然不变。
  Could you tell me _______?
  A.what he was doing  B.what was he doing
  C.what he is doing    D.what is he doing
  4.if /when 引导状语从句和宾语从句这两种从句。从句的时态的确定。
  if Whether When
  条件/时间/让步状语从句 如果、假如 无论
  尽管 当…的时候
  宾语从句 是否 是否 什么时候
  Can you guess if they___ to play football with us ? I think they will come if they ____free.
  A. come , are  B. will come , will be  C. will come , are   D. come , will be
  Can you tell me when he____here tomorrow ?   When he _____ here , please call me .
  A. comes , comes  B. will come , will come   C. will come ,comes  D. comes, will come
  5.宾语从句的简化:
  1).宾语从句是陈述句时,且主、从句的主语一致,可简化为“动词+ to do sth”.
  I hope I can meet you again .
  I hope _____ _____ you again .
  2).宾语从句是疑问句时,且主、从句的主语一致,或从句的主语与主句的宾语一致。可简化为“疑问词+ to do sth”.
  1.I don’t know what I should do next .    I don’t know ____ ____ _____ next .
  中考考点十七:定语从句
  中考资讯导航:定语从句主要考查关系代词的选择。
  一、定语从句(一):
  1.定语从句的概念:在复合句中,修饰某一名词或代词的从句叫定语从句。
  2.先行词:  被定语从句修饰的名词或代词叫先行词。
  3.关系词:
  引导定语从句的连词叫关系词。如that、which、who、whom、whose、where、when等。
  4.由that、which、who、whom、whose引导的定语从句。
  二、定语从句(二)
  1.先行词是物时,一般情况既可用that也可用which.但下列情况下,只能用that不用which。
  1).当先行词为指物的不定代词,如all、everything、something、anything、nothing、none、the one等时,只能用that。
  There is nothing ______ I can do for you .
  2).当先行词被the only、the very 、the last、all、no、little等词修饰时,只能用that。
  This is the very book ______ I’m looking for .
  3).先行词被序数词修饰时,只能用that 。
  This is the first nextbook ______ I studied in the middle school .
  4).先行词为最高级或被最高级修饰时,只能用that。
  This is the most beautiful mountain ______ I have ever seen .=
  I have _____ seen _____ a beautiful mountian .
  5).先行词既有人也有物时,只能that 。
  He told us many interesting things and persons _______ we had .
  2.先行词是物时,一般情况既可用that也可用which.但下列情况下,只能用which不用that。
  1).关系代词前有介词时,关系词只能用which 。
  This is the building in ______ he lives .
  2).先行词本身是that时,关系词只能用which 。
  The clock is that _____ tells the time .
  3).引导非限定性的定语从句(先行词是物且先行词与关系词用逗号隔开),关系词用which。
  His book , ______ was lost last week , has been found now.
  3.先行词是人时,一般情况下既可用who 也可用that 。但以下情况下,只能用who。
  1).当先行词为those、one、ones、anyone且作主语时,一般用who 。
  Those ______ are singing are all my classmates .
  2).在there be 句型中,先行词指人时,只能用who。指物时用that。
  There is a girl ______ expects to see you .
  3).当先行词是I、you、he、they等时,只能用who 。
  He ______ plays with fire gets burned .
  三、定语从句(三)。
  由关系副词when、where、why引导的定语从句。
  where =  in / at +which     when = in / on / at +which   why = for + which
  1.由where引导的定语从句。
  1).先行词是表示地点的名词     2).在定语从句中作地点状语
  Is this the house ______ you lived ?=  Is this the house _____ _____ you lived ?
  = Is this the house _____ you lived in ?
  2.由when引导的定语从句。
  1).先行词是表示时间的名词      2).在定语从句中作时间状语
  I will never forget the days ______ I met him .= I will never forget the days ____ ____ I met him.
  注:先行词是the last time 时,when 可省略。
  When was the last time you saw the parrot ?
  3.由why引导的定语从句。
  先行词为reason 时,一般用why 。 why在句中作原因状语。
  We don’t know the reason ______ they didn’t come .
  四、注意事项:
  1.关系词在定语从句中作宾语时,常可省略。
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